Deakin Rural Health

Bridging the Cultural Gap – Acknowledgements and Login


Our free online learning site for Bridging the Cultural Gap is currently under construction and soon to be released.
Below is a sample of what you can expect:




Lesson 1 – Terminology and Definitions

Lesson 2 – Aboriginal Flags and Their Meaning

Lesson 3 – Aboriginal Nations and Language

Lesson 4 – Kinship – University of Sydney Learning Module

Lesson 5 – Invasion

Lesson 6 – The Stolen Generations

Lesson 7 – Native Title

Lesson 8 – The Long and Ongoing Journey toward Reconciliation

Lesson 9 – The Apology


Lesson 10 – The Impact of Colonisation on the Social Emotional Health and Well Being of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples

Lesson 11 – Closing the Gap

Lesson 12 – What Cultural Safety Means to Aboriginal People living in Victoria

Lesson 13 – Cultural Respect

Lesson 14 – Cultural Competency Theory

Lesson 15 – Barriers and Solutions to Achieve Cultural Safety in Health, Community Services and Clinical Practice


Lesson 16 – Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations

Lesson 17 – Look and Feel of Health Services

Lesson 18 – Health Literacy

Lesson 19 – Quality Improvement

Lesson 20 – End of Life Palliative Care and Mourning

Lesson 21 – Medicare Incentives to Improve Aboriginal Health

Lesson 22 – Kanyini Teachings – Uncle Bob Randall

Bridging the Cultural Gap is the culmination of five years’ work with Aboriginal organisations throughout western Victoria and the southeast South Australia, and Deakin Rural Health – a University Department of Rural Health (UDRH, formerly Greater Green Triangle UDRH). Bridging the Cultural Gap in Health has been developed as an online learning program with many links back to stories, interviews, songs and information.

All personnel involved with Deakin Rural Health wish to acknowledge the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as First Nation peoples of Australia.  We acknowledge and respect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Elders, past and present. We also acknowledge and respect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture, people and the traditional custodians of the land and water of their country.

There are 5 Traditional Owner Groups across western Victoria and the south east of South Australia:

Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation
Eastern Marr Aboriginal Corporation (and part of Gunditj Mirring)
Barengi Gadjin Land Council Aboriginal Corporation
Bunganditj/Boandik First Nations People
Martang Pty Ltd


We acknowledge and thank the following communities for reviewing the material and their continued support:

Budja Budja Aboriginal Co-operative - Halls Gap

Budja Budja is the Traditional Aboriginal name for Halls Gap. The Clinic is located in the heart of the Gariwerd/Grampians National Park, in Country shared by Djab Wurrung and Jardwadjali Traditional Owner Groups.

Goolum Goolum Aboriginal Co-operative - Horsham

Goolum Goolum Aboriginal Co-operative is a Community Controlled Aboriginal Organisation delivering Health and Community Services to the Local Koori Community in the Wimmera and Western Grampians Regions of Victoria. The organisation was incorporated in 1982, and has continued to grow and adapt to meet the needs of the Local Koori Community. 

Winda-Mara Aboriginal Corporation - Heywood and Hamilton

Winda-Mara Aboriginal Corporation provides services to the local Aboriginal communities in and around the far south west Victorian towns of Heywood, Hamilton and Portland. Winda-Mara through their team of 72% Aboriginal staff provide a broad range of services in many fields. 

Kirrae Health Services Inc - Purnim/Framlingham

The Kirrae Health Service exists in order to service the physical, mental and emotional health needs of the Framlingham Aboriginal Community and surrounds in a manner that is effective, culturally sensitive and acceptable to the community. Kirrae Health Services is built on the Framlingham Aboriginal community which is situated on Gunditjmara country on the western plains of Victoria. 

Dhauwurd-Wurrung Elderly and Community Health Service (DWECH) - Portland

DWECH was established in the early 90s. The Elders of Gunditjmara Portland decided it was time that they had a culturally appropriate Health Service and Aged Care facility in Portland. Starting off as a small health service DWECH has grown and now offers a wide range of health services especially tailored to their Elders and community.  

Gunditjmara Aboriginal Co-operative - Warrnambool

Gunditjmara is a non-profit organisation set up in 1982 by the local Indigenous community to serve the needs of its members and the Indigenous community in Warrnambool and across the Western District of Victoria. The agency‘s Mission is to provide a culturally sensitive health service to the local community through education, promotion and support for families and individuals, and to promote and provide cross-cultural information to mainstream and community health providers. 

Pangula Mannamurna Inc - Mt Gambier

Pangula Mannamurna is an Aboriginal community-controlled health service committed to improving the quality of life for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples within the lower South East region of South Australia. The name ‘Pangula Mannamurna’ reflects the native Buandik language of the region. Pangula means ‘Medicine Man’ and Mannamurna means ‘Joining in Hands’. 

Burrandies Aboriginal Corporation - Mt Gambier

Burrandies has been serving the Aboriginal Community of the South East of South Australia since 1999 and is represented by Bunganditj/Boandik first nations people. Burrandies provides a cultural connection for Aboriginal people to improve knowledge and cultural identity and promotes the continuing connection to country by SE first nations people through its caring for country programs and projects. Burrandies operates within the Lartara-wirkeri Cultural Governance framework which ensures cultural protocols are carried out according to SE First Nations law and culture.

Barengi Gadjin Land Council (BGLC) - Horsham

BGLC represents Traditional Owners from the Wotjobaluk, Jaadwa, Jadawadjali, Wergaia and Jupagulk family groups, who were recognised in the 2005 Native Title Consent Determination, the first in south-eastern Australia. BGLC are the Prescribed Body Corporate for the Wotjobaluk claim area, giving them legal authority and obligation to work on behalf of Traditional Owners. 

Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation

Gunditj Mirring promotes the continuing connection to country by Gunditjmara people through its caring for country programs and projects. Through Gunditj Mirring, Gunditjmara people ensure that the responsibilities and duties which arise under Gunditjmara law, custom and beliefs are carried out in relation to caring for country and the protection and continuation of Gunditjmara law and culture. 

These lessons have been developed and reviewed.  They are based on consultation and best evidence at the time of writing.  It is not the responsibility of, nor does it necessarily reflect the views of these organisations to which individual team members may be affiliated or that of Deakin Rural Health.  The information in these lessons is for educational use only and is provided in good faith without any express or implied warranty.  All practitioners need to use sound clinical judgement in individual situations.  Any links offered to websites or other information resources are provided for interest and are viewed at the users own risk.  Provision of these links does not constitute endorsement or support for the information, products, services, or persons associated with the related sites. 

Some lessons may contain the names and images of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples now deceased, and may contain links to sites that may use images of Aboriginal and Islander people now deceased.

We wish to thank and acknowledge Judy Nichols ( for compiling the drafts of the training materials with the Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services. Judy has brought to this project clinical and health executive experience and many years working with Aboriginal health services. She has advocated for better access and cultural awareness in health and education across many projects. Judy lives in south west Victoria, she understands the tyranny of distance to access jobs and training.  Her online business and enterprise training supports pathways to self-employment and education for all people disadvantaged by culture, distance and discrimination.

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